Why did the production of cocoa went down in Ghana?

Why did the production of cocoa went down in Ghana?

The drop from an average of more than 450,000 tons per year to a low of 159,000 tons in 1983–84 has been attributed to aging trees, widespread disease, bad weather, and low producer prices.

What two problems is the cocoa industry in Ghana facing?

Another problem in cocoa production in Ghana is low yields per ha, which is attributed to the incidence of pests and diseases, a low producer price, and non-adoption of research recommendations.

What are the factors that affect cocoa farmers in Ghana?

The regression analysis showed that land size, member of farmer association, experience in cocoa farming, awareness of organic cocoa and access to extension service are the main factors that influence cocoa farmers’ decision to adopt organic cocoa practices.

What are the causes of deforestation in Ghana?

Deforestation in Ghana is attributed to overexploitation of natural resources through illegal and unsustainable logging and mining, and agricultural expansion, coupled with land tenure insecurity [8], [40], [42].

How has cocoa affected Ghana?

Cocoa production has been the backbone of Ghana’s economy since the 1870s. It dominates the agricultural sector and contributes about 30% of the country’s export earnings. Cocoa employs about 800,000 farmers directly.

Who brought cocoa in Ghana?

Tetteh Quarshie
The victory of cocoa in Africa started with Tetteh Quarshie. Legend has it that he secretly brought the cocoa to Ghana and, by doing so, laid the foundation for one of the most important Ghanaian and African export products.

What are the key issues affecting cocoa production?

Deforestation and loss of biodiversity In many countries, cocoa production is threatened by aging plantations, poor farm management, soil degradation and increasing pest and disease pressure. To increase production and meet demand, cocoa producers often rely on the clearing of additional forest land.

What is the issue of cocoa production?

Cocoa production is beset by complex economic, social, and environmental problems, including poverty, child labor, and deforestation. Governments, nonprofits, manufacturers, and others have endeavored to tackle these issues—and none has wholly succeeded.

How does cocoa affect the environment?

The environmental impact of cocoa production includes deforestation, soil contamination, and herbicide resistance.

How is cocoa important to Ghana?

“Cocoa is a major source of foreign exchange for Ghana and foreign exchange is good for the country. Also, cocoa money is used for hospitals and roads for the benefit of the country. Cocoa is the backbone of the Ghanaian economy.” (Male FGD participants, Western Region).

How has deforestation affected Ghana?

Cocoa farming is the leading cause of illegal forest clearing in Ghana. Deforestation causes almost as much greenhouse gas emissions as global road travel.

What is the impact of deforestation in Ghana?

Another typical effect of deforestation in Ghana is the drying up of headwaters of water bodies which supplies water to major cities in the country. Between 2010-2012, there were continues drought along the River Owabi which is a major source of water supply to Kumasi, the second largest city in Ghana.

How can we end deforestation in cocoa and chocolate?

The governments of Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana and 35 leading cocoa and chocolate companies have joined together in the Cocoa & Forests Initiative to end deforestation and restore forest areas. In Colombia, the government and cocoa and chocolate companies signed the Cocoa, Forest & Peace Initiative to eliminate cocoa-related deforestation.

What has the cocoa & Forests Initiative achieved so far?

Cocoa & Forests Initiative (CFI) signatories released reports of their progress from 2018-2019 towards ending deforestation and restoring forest areas of Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. Watch this video for the highlights.

What is Côte d’Ivoire doing about deforestation?

[VERSION FRANCAISE CI-DESSOUS] Côte d’Ivoire adopted a national satellite system to monitor deforestation for CFI, and planted almost 10 million… Read More Deforestation is a major issue in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, which together produce nearly two-thirds of the world’s supply of cocoa.

What is deforestation and why is it a problem?

Deforestation is a major issue in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, which together produce nearly two-thirds of the world’s supply of cocoa. Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana respectively lost 25% and 8% of their primary forest between 2002-2019, with a significant portion of deforestation due to cocoa farming.