What is the meaning of obstruent?
What is the meaning of obstruent?
Obstruentadjective. causing obstruction; blocking up; hindering; as, an obstruent medicine.
What is obstruent in phonology?
From Glottopedia. An obstruent is a plosive, a fricative, or an affricate, that is, any consonant where airflow through the vocal tract is obstructed either completely or at least enough to create turbulence.
What is the difference between obstruent and sonorants?
Sonorants are the whole group of pretty-sonorous sounds, including vowels, glides, liquids, and nasals, while obstruents are the group of not-very-sonorous sounds, including fricatives, affricates, and stops, the last two of which I’ll get to in a sec.
Is a stop an obstruent?
The obstruents are the stops, the fricatives, and the affricates. The sonorants are the vowels, liquids, glides, and nasals.
How would you make a Retroflex sound?
retroflex, in phonetics, a consonant sound produced with the tip of the tongue curled back toward the hard palate.
How many Obstruents are there in English?
The standard English consonant system is traditionally considered to comprise 17 obstruents (6 plosives, 2 affricates and 9 fricatives) and 7 sonorants (3 nasals, 2 liquids and 2 semivowel glides).
How many obstruents are there in English?
Are all vowels voiced?
voice, also called Full Voice, in phonetics, the sound that is produced by the vibration of the vocal cords. All vowels are normally voiced, but consonants may be either voiced or voiceless (i.e., uttered without vibration of the vocal cords).
What makes a sound more sonorous?
The nucleus (i.e. vowel) of a syllable is the most sonorous element. The sonority of the surrounding consonants must decrease to the left and to the right starting from the vowel. Put differently: the more sonorous a segment, the closer to the nucleus of the syllable.
What is a retroflex linguistics?
retroflex, in phonetics, a consonant sound produced with the tip of the tongue curled back toward the hard palate. In Russian the sounds sh, zh (like the English s sound in “pleasure”), and shch are retroflex; there are also many retroflex consonants in the languages of India.
Does English have retroflex?
The retroflex approximant [ɻ] is in free variation with the postalveolar approximant /ɹ/ in many dialects of American English, particularly in the Midwestern United States.
What are the continuant sounds?
(phonet.) A speech sound that can be prolonged as long as the breath lasts, with no significant change in the quality of the sound: continuants include fricatives (s, f, , etc.), nasals (m, n, ŋ), liquids (l, r), and vowels.
What is the medical definition of obstruent?
1. An obstruent medicine or agent. 2. Linguistics A sound, such as a stop, fricative, or affricate, that is produced with complete blockage or at least partial constriction of the airflow through the nose or mouth. [Latin obstruēns, obstruent-, present participle of obstruere, to obstruct; see obstruct .]
What is an obstruent sound?
An obstruent is a speech sound such as [k], [d͡ʒ], or [f] that is formed by obstructing airflow.
What is an obstruent in phonetics?
Freebase(0.00 / 0 votes)Rate this definition: An obstruent is a consonant sound formed by obstructing airflow, causing increased air pressure in the vocal tract, such as, and. In phonetics, articulation may be divided into two large classes: obstruents and sonorants.
What are the subclasses of obstruents?
Subclasses. Obstruents are subdivided into plosives (oral stops), such as [p, t, k, b, d, ɡ], with complete occlusion of the vocal tract, often followed by a release burst; fricatives, such as [f, s, ʃ, x, v, z, ʒ, ɣ], with limited closure, not stopping airflow but making it turbulent; and affricates, which begin with complete occlusion…