What is the control for polar climates?

What is the control for polar climates?

For any location on the earth’s surface, the temperature is controlled by three overall factors: Heat transport (often called “heat flux”) Heat storage (often called “heat capacity”)

What is the vegetation in the subarctic?

Subarctic regions are often characterized by taiga forest vegetation, though where winters are relatively mild, as in northern Norway, broadleaf forest may occur—though in some cases soils remain too saturated almost throughout the year to sustain any tree growth and the dominant vegetation is a peaty herbland …

What types of vegetation are found in humid continental zones?

By definition, the type of vegetation that thrives in a humid continental climate are forests. The biomes that do well within this type of climate regime include coniferous forests, temperature deciduous, temperate woodlands, temperate evergreen forests and temperate grasslands.

What was the environment like in the subarctic?

The subarctic climate has brief, cool summers and bitterly cold winters. The subarctic experiences the lowest temperatures outside of Antarctica, and the largest annual temperature range of any climate. Though the summer is short, the day length is quite long with June days lasting 18.8 hrs at 60oN.

What are the major climatic controls?

There are six major controls of the climate of an area. These factors are latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.

What are the 7 climate controls?

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The various controls of climate include latitude, land and water distribution, prevailing winds and belts of high and low pressure, ocean currents, altitude, topography, clouds, and cyclonic activity.

Is Finland an arctic sub?

The northern parts of Norway, Finland and Sweden are all subarctic as to climate, with variations for the coastal subarctic areas, where winters may be milder than in the rest of the region due to the moderating effect of proximity to the ocean. Iceland is subarctic in its entirety.

What is the difference between arctic and subarctic?

For this reason, the Arctic is known as the Land of the Midnight Sun. The Subarctic is the region just below the Arctic. The subsoil or ground below the surface is permanently frozen.

What types of vegetation are common in a marine west coast climate?

What Kinds of Vegetation (Plants) Does it Have? Usually, Marine West Coast climate areas receive regular rain that supports thick forests and a wide variety of plant life including evergreen trees (conifers) such as spruce, cedar, pine, redwood. Many species of ferns and grasses also grow in this area.

How are humid subtropical and Mediterranean climates different?

Mediterranean climates cover a very restricted area of the planet’s total land surface, mostly found between 30 and 45 degrees of latitude. Humid subtropical climates prevail over a larger area, mostly between 20 and 35 degrees of latitude but extending equatorward to about 15 degrees and poleward to about 40 degrees.

What temperature and vegetation is found in the subarctic climate?

Description. This type of climate offers some of the most extreme seasonal temperature variations found on the planet: in winter, temperatures can drop to below −50 °C (−58 °F) and in summer, the temperature may exceed 26 °C (79 °F).

What causes subarctic climates?

The main cause of the temperatures in Subarctic is latitude. Temperatures can reach -40 degrees in the winter and be as high as 85 degrees in the summer–which is the widest range of temperatures of any climate. That would be a 125 degree temperature range.