What did Mary the Jewess invent?

What did Mary the Jewess invent?

Maria invented many types of stills and reflux condensers. The kerotakis device was one in which she could boil mercury or sulfur and use its condensing vapor to heat copper or lead in a pan above. It was a kind of high-temperature double boiler.

Who was Mary the Jewess and what did she do?

Mary the Jewess (around 0-200 CE) was the first known alchemist in history. She lived in Eygpt and invented processes and apparatuses that were used for centuries after that. Her story became something of a legend in later Arabic and Christian writings.

What did Maria believe about metals?

Mary believed that metals had two different genders and by joining these two genders together a new entity could be made. By joining the different gendered substances together a unity of substances could be obtained.

Who invented alchemy?

The start of Western alchemy may generally be traced to ancient and Hellenistic Egypt, where the city of Alexandria was a center of alchemical knowledge, and retained its pre-eminence through most of the Greek and Roman periods.

What element was discovered by an alchemist distilling urine?

About 1669 he isolated from urine a white, waxy material and named it phosphorus (“light bearer”), because it glowed in the dark. Although Brand kept his process a secret, phosphorus was discovered independently in 1680 by an English chemist, Robert Boyle.

When was Mary the Jewess born?

Hebrew alchemist . Born in Alexandria, Egypt, in the 1st, 2nd, or 3rd century ce. A shadowy historical figure, Mary the Jewess is often identified as Miriam the Prophet , the sister of Moses.. Miriam the Prophet is a Biblical woman who is known by some of the same alternative names as Mary the Jewess.

Who was the father of alchemy?

Jābir ibn Ḥayyān
Jabir ibn Hayyan

Jābir ibn Ḥayyān Islamic alchemist
Region Kufa/Tus/unknown
Language Arabic
Main interests alchemy and chemistry, magic, Shi’ite religious philosophy
Notable ideas use of organic substances in chemistry, sulfur-mercury theory of metals, science of the balance, science of artificial generation

What did Nicolas Flamel discover?

Nicolas Flamel (French: [nikɔla flamɛl]; c. 1340 – 22 March 1418) was a French scribe and manuscript-seller. After his death, Flamel developed a reputation as an alchemist believed to have discovered the philosopher’s stone and to have thereby achieved immortality.

Does urine turn into gold?

In the 1660’s, German alchemist Hennig Brand thought he knew the secret to making solid gold: pee. So set was he on these golden ambitions, he dehydrated 1,500 gallons (gallons!) of human urine to make it happen. Though pee ultimately failed to produce gold, Brand didn’t have to flush all his hard work down the toilet.

Is there gold in human urine?

Randall described urine as liquid gold. By volume, urine accounts for less than 1% of domestic waste water, but it contains 80% of the nitrogen, 56% of the phosphorus and 63% of the potassium found in waste water.

Who invented chemistry in Islam?

Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan Al-Azdi, sometimes called al-Harrani and al-Sufi, is considered the father of Arab chemistry and one of the founders of modern pharmacy. He was known to the Europeans as Geber. He was born in the city of Tus in the province of Khorasan in Iran in 721 AD.

Who invented Arab alchemy?

The most well-attested and probably the greatest Arabic alchemist was ar-Rāzī (c. 850–923/924), a Persian physician who lived in Baghdad.

Mary the Jewess also invented and described the alchemical apparatus and process called the kerotakis and another apparatus called the tribokos. Raphael Patai. The Jewish Alchemists: A History and Source Book.

Who was Maria the Jewess?

Recorded in the annals of ancient Alchemists, such as Zosimus of Panopolis, is Maria the Jewess, also called Maria the Prophetess or Maria the Hebrew, who lived in ancient Egypt around the first century CE.

Who is Maria Prophetissima?

Engraving depicting Maria Prophetissima from Michael Maier ‘s book Symbola Aurea Mensae Duodecim Nationum (1617). Mary or Maria the Jewess ( Latin: Maria Prophetissima ), also known as Mary the Prophetess, is an early alchemist who is known from the works of the Gnostic Christian writer Zosimos of Panopolis.

Who is Mary the Jewess in the Bible?

Mary the Jewess. Mary or Maria the Jewess ( Latin: Maria Prophetissima ), also known as Mary the Prophetess, is an early alchemist who is known from the works of the Gnostic Christian writer Zosimos of Panopolis. On the basis of Zosimos’s comments, she lived between the first and third centuries A.D.