What are the complications of diabetes insipidus?

What are the complications of diabetes insipidus?

The 2 main complications of diabetes insipidus are dehydration and an electrolyte imbalance. Complications are more likely if the condition goes undiagnosed or is poorly controlled.

What is diabetic Cystopathy?

Diabetic cystopathy is a well-recognized complication of diabetes mellitus, which usually develops in middle-aged or elderly patients with long-standing and poorly controlled disease. It may have broad spectrum clinical presentations.

What causes obstructive uropathy?

Common causes of obstructive uropathy include: Bladder stones. Kidney stones. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlarged prostate)

How does diabetes cause neurogenic bladder?

Usually, neurogenic bladder dysfunction occurs 10 or more years after the onset of diabetes mellitus. Neurogenic bladder occurs because of autonomic and peripheral neuropathy. A metabolic derangement of the Schwann cell results in segmental demyelination and impaired nerve conduction.

What happens in diabetes insipidus?

Diabetes insipidus (die-uh-BEE-teze in-SIP-uh-dus) is an uncommon disorder that causes an imbalance of fluids in the body. This imbalance leads you to produce large amounts of urine. It also makes you very thirsty even if you have something to drink.

What is the most common cause of diabetes insipidus?

The 3 most common causes of cranial diabetes insipidus are: a brain tumour that damages the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. a severe head injury that damages the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. complications that occur during brain or pituitary surgery.

What is Laser Cystolitholapaxy?

Cystolitholapaxy is a procedure to break up bladder stones into smaller pieces and remove them. Bladder stones are minerals that have built up in the bladder. Ultrasonic waves or lasers may be delivered through a tool called a cystoscope to break up the stones.

What is the most common cause of urinary tract obstruction?

The most common causes of intraluminal obstruction are calculi, blood clots, tumors, or sloughed papilla. These obstructions present acutely, leading to severe renal colic with flank pain, hematuria, nausea, vomiting, and fever.

How is obstructive uropathy diagnosed?

Diagnosis of obstructive uropathy Your doctor will diagnose obstructive uropathy with an ultrasound. Scans of your pelvic region and your kidneys will show if urine is backing up into your kidneys. Imaging tools can also point out blockages to your doctor.

Why does diabetes cause urinary retention?

Usually, when someone urinates, the external sphincter muscle relaxes, and when the person is done, the muscle contracts. But when the sphincter muscle’s control is damaged by diabetes, it can either fail to relax, causing urinary retention or fail to contract, causing the involuntary leakage of urine.

Does diabetes cause urinary problems?

Diabetes can cause nerve damage to your urinary tract, causing bladder problems. Overweight and obesity also can increase bladder problems, such as urinary incontinence (UI). Managing diabetes is an important part of preventing problems that can lead to excess urination.

What are the possible complications of obstructive uropathy?

Obstructive uropathy – Possible Complications 1 Obstructive uropathy can cause permanent and severe damage to the kidneys, resulting in kidney failure. 2 If the problem was caused by a blockage in the bladder, the bladder may have long-term damage… 3 Obstructive uropathy is linked to higher chances of urinary tract infections.

Can obstructive uropathy cause nephrogenic diabetes insipidus in Castleman’s disease?

Background: Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (DI) secondary to a urinary tract obstruction is a rare condition. Herein, we report a case of partial nephrogenic DI due to obstructive uropathy in a patient with Castleman’s disease.

How is urinary tract obstructive uropathy diagnosed?

Urinary tract obstruction should be included in the differential diagnosis of acute or chronic kidney disease. The diagnosis of obstructive uropathy usually requires the presence of hydronephrosis, hydroureter, and/or bladder distention. Ultrasound is the imaging study of choice to determine if obstructive uropathy is present.

What is acute obstructive uropathy (AOU)?

Acute Obstructive Uropathy can be unilateral (only one kidney is affected, as only one ureter is blocked) or bilateral (when both kidneys are affected due to poor drainage by the ureters). The bilateral condition is rare.