Is syphilis common in Ghana?

Is syphilis common in Ghana?

Prevalence of the disease among patients in the Cape Coast metropolis of Ghana was 8.5% [9]. Other major cities in Ghana have recorded 7.9% (Accra) [10] and 4.5% (Kumasi) [11] prevalence among the general population.

What country has the highest rate of syphilis?

The highest rate reported was Denmark with 13.7 per 100,000 people infected.

What is the STD rate in Ghana?

STD Rates by Country

Country 2021 Population
Ghana 31,732,129
Yemen 30,490,640
Nepal 29,674,920
Venezuela 28,704,954

Is syphilis common in Africa?

Sub-Saharan Africa ranks first in STD yearly incidence compared to other world regions. The World Health Organization has estimated that every year in Africa there are 3.5 million cases of syphilis, 15 million cases of chlamydial disease, 16 million cases of gonorrhea, and 30 million cases of trichomoniasis.

What age group is most affected by syphilis?

Figure 2: In 2019, infectious syphilis rates were highest in the 30-39 year old age group, followed by the 20-29 year old age group.

What are the factors for syphilis?

Common risk factors for syphilis:

  • Unprotected sexual activity involving contact with oral, genital mucosa 1 or anal especially in gbMSM.
  • Sexual contact with a known case of syphilis.
  • Sex with someone from a country/region with a high prevalence of syphilis.
  • Previous syphilis, HIV infection or other STBBI.

How common is syphilis globally?

The estimated 18 million prevalent cases of syphilis in 2012 translates to a global prevalence of 0.5% among females and 0.5% among males aged 15–49 years.

Who is syphilis most common among?

Most cases of syphilis in the United States are among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM). Syphilis also has increased nearly every year among MSM, for about two decades.

Is syphilis on the rise in Orange County?

At 13.8 per 100,000, Orange County’s 2018 primary and secondary syphilis rate is almost six times higher than it was in 2010.

Where is the highest STD rate in Canada?

The highest rates were among people from the Northern territories, with rates of 699.8 per 100,000 (Yukon), 1,747.1 cases per 100,000 (Northwest Territories) and 3,965.9 (Nunavut). The three territories have held the highest rates across Canada over the past decade.

Why are there so many STDS in Africa?

These high numbers of STI cases in South Africa have partly been due to inadequate prevention and treatment gaps. Some people with STIs such as chlamydia, may go untreated because they don’t show any symptoms.

Which is STD is very common in Africa and Asia but rare in the US?

Chancroid. Chanchroid is a bacterial STD that is common in Africa and Asia but rare in the U.S. It causes genital sores that can spread the bacteria from one person to another. Antibiotics can cure the infection.

Does donated blood have a syphilis risk?

The World Health Organization recommends screening all donated blood for syphilis (7), but doing so is challenging for many developing countries. Many blood banks in low-income countries, including Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana, do not screen donated blood for syphilis.

Is syphilis a risk factor for transfusion-transmitted syphilis?

The high prevalence of syphilis seropositivity in blood donors and seroconversion of a transfusion recipient shows that in centers where screening is not conducted, recipients of blood transfusions are at risk for contracting transfusion-transmitted syphilis.

How is seropositivity determined in syphilis?

A positive initial result by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) (Bioelisa Syphilis 3.0; Biokit, Barcelona, Spain) was confirmed by using a T. pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA) (Syphagen; Biokit). A rapid plasma reagin (RPR) assay (RPR Reditest; Biokit) was used to determine whether seropositivity was caused by recent infection.