Why use retro-orbital injection?

Why use retro-orbital injection?

In conclusion, retro-orbital sinus injection of both neonatal and adult mice is a useful method for intravascular delivery of many agents. In the hands of a skilled operator, the incidence of complications is rare and distress to the animal is minimized.

What is a retro-orbital injection?

Retro-Orbital Sinus Injection. • Is an injection into the ophthalmic venous. sinus (mice) or plexus (rats), or a retrobulbar. injection. • Is suited for the injection of non-irritating.

What is retro-orbital bleeding?

In retrobulbar bleeding (RBB), also known as retro-orbital bleeding, a capillary tube is used to disrupt the retrobulbar venous sinus located behind the eye. This technique can be used to collect a large volume of blood with or without anesthesia, typically without detriment to the subject animal’s general health.

Is retro-orbital injection IV?

Retro-orbital injections are an accepted intravenous route for administration of some compounds and the initiation of some parasitic infections in rodents. This technique requires hands-on training in both the injection technique and general anesthesia methods.

How do you get blood from a mouse’s eye?

Blood is collected from the venous sinus. The mouse is restrained, the neck gently scruffed and the eye made to bulge. A capillary tube/pipette is inserted medially, laterally or dorsally. Blood is allowed to flow by capillary action into the capillary tube/pipette, ensure proper aseptic technique is used.

What is retro-orbital headache?

Cluster headache (CH) is a distinct primary headache disorder characterized by attacks of excruciating pain, typically in a unilateral retro-orbital distribution, with associated ipsilateral autonomic features.1. From: Sleep and Neurologic Disease, 2017.

Where do you inject mice?

Mice & Rats -Intramuscular Injection (IM) IM injections are administered in the thigh muscles of the hind limb. Caution must be used to avoid injury to the sciatic nerve, which is located in close proximity to the femur.

Where is intravenous injection given?

Some medications must be given by an intravenous (IV) injection or infusion. This means they’re sent directly into your vein using a needle or tube. In fact, the term “intravenous” means “into the vein.” With IV administration, a thin plastic tube called an IV catheter is inserted into your vein.

How much blood can a mouse collect?

Policy. The maximum amount of blood that can be drawn from a rodent in any 2-week period may not exceed 1% of the animal’s body weight. For example, for a mouse weighing 25 grams, the maximum allowable blood collection may not exceed 0.25 grams or 0.25 ml.

How much plasma can you get from a mouse?

How much can I take as a terminal procedure? Under ideal conditions, a skilled person can obtain approximately 50-75% of a mouse’s total blood volume (3-4% of BW) by exsanguination. This amounts to 0.04-0.06 ml blood/gm BW, or 1.0-1.5 ml blood from a 25 gm mouse.

What causes retro-orbital pain in dengue?

The exact mechanism of eye involvement in dengue viral infection is poorly understood. Multiple causes have been suspected and include viral factors, immune mediation, capillary leakage, stress, and hemorrhage. Eye involvement is classically seen at the lowest platelet count and when the count begins to rise.