Where do arachnoid granulations drain?

Where do arachnoid granulations drain?

Arachnoid granulations are structures filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that extend into the venous sinuses through openings in the dura mater and allow the drainage of CSF from subarachnoid space into venous system.

What is Pacchionian granulation?

77760. Anatomical terminology. Arachnoid granulations (also arachnoid villi, and pacchionian granulations or bodies) are small protrusions of the arachnoid mater (the thin second layer covering the brain) into the outer membrane of the dura mater (the thick outer layer).

Is arachnoid granulation normal?

They are focal, well-defined, and typically located within the lateral transverse sinuses adjacent to venous entrance sites. They should not be mistaken for sinus thrombosis or intrasinus tumor, but recognized as normal structures.

What causes enlarged arachnoid granulations?

Arachnoid villi are microscopic, whereas arachnoid granulations represent distended villi and are visible to the naked eye. Arachnoid granulations increase in numbers and enlarge with age in response to increased CSF pressure from the subarachnoid space and are usually quite apparent by 4 years of age.

Can arachnoid granulations cause headaches?

Giant arachnoid granulations have been reported to be associated with headaches, which can be acute or chronic in presentation. In some cases, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, previously called pseudotumor cerebri, may occur.

What is a Pacchionian body?

The Arachnoid Villi (granulationes arachnoideales; glandulæ Pacchioni; Pacchionian bodies) are small, fleshy-looking elevations, usually collected into clusters of variable size, which are present upon the outer surface of the dura mater, in the vicinity of the superior sagittal sinus, and in some other situations.

Where is the dural venous sinus?

The dural venous sinuses lie between the periosteal and meningeal layers of the dura mater. They are best thought of as collecting pools of blood, which drain the central nervous system, the face, and the scalp. All the dural venous sinuses ultimately drain into the internal jugular vein.

Where is the sagittal sinus?

The superior sagittal sinus (also known as the superior longitudinal sinus), within the human head, is an unpaired area along the attached margin of the falx cerebri. It allows blood to drain from the lateral aspects of anterior cerebral hemispheres to the confluence of sinuses.

What is a giant arachnoid granulation?

Arachnoid granulations are invaginations of the arachnoid membrane that perforate gaps in the dura and protrude into the lumen of the dural sinus. They are commonly found in the superior sagittal sinus and transverse sinus and often mistaken for dural sinus thrombosis.

Where is the arachnoid granulations found?

superior sagittal sinus
Arachnoid granulations (AGs) are tufts of arachnoid membrane invaginated into the dural sinuses through which cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) enters the venous system. The lesions are primarily located in the parasagittal region along the superior sagittal sinus[1], which is occasionally seen at the transverse sinus.

What does transverse sinus drain into?

The transverse sinuses are formed by the tentorium cerebelli and drain into the right and left sigmoid sinuses. They drain from the confluence of sinuses (by the internal occipital protuberance) to the sigmoid sinuses, which ultimately connect to the internal jugular vein.

How do arachnoid villi work?

There are many more villi than granulations, and the relative volume of CSF transported by each type of structure is not known. Arachnoid villi act as one-way valves for the flow of CSF into venous blood, and hydrostatic pressure is the main stimulus that causes these valves to open.