# What is the meaning of D10 D50 D90?

## What is the meaning of D10 D50 D90?

d10, d50 and d90 are so-called percentile values. These are statistical parameters that can be read directly from the cumulative particle size distribution. They indicate the size below which 10%, 50% or 90% of all particles are found.

**What is cumulative particle size distribution?**

The cumulative particle size distribution is showing for each size of particles which % of the sample has a size lower or equal than the value in x axis. The distribution can be of different type according to the way to count the population.

**What is bimodal particle size distribution?**

A bimodal distribution might result from a process involving breakup of large particles, multiple sources of particles or variable growth mechanisms in the system. Moments of Particle Size Distributions: In order to use a particle size distribution it is often desired to obtain a weighted value from the distribution.

### How do you calculate particle size distribution?

particle size: x1, min. particle size: xn+1) is divided intonseparate intervals, and each of these particle size intervals is taken to be [xi, xi+1] (j = 1,2,…. n). The element of q qj(j= 1,2,….n) is the particle amount corresponding to the particle size interval [xi, xi+1]. Normally, the volume standard is used.

**What is D90 in particle size distribution?**

Using the same convention as the D50, the D90 describes the diameter where ninety percent of the distribution has a smaller particle size and ten percent has a larger particle size. The D10 diameter has ten percent smaller and ninety percent larger.

**What is D10 in particle size distribution?**

For example D10 is defined as the point on the distribution curve below which 10% of the particles fall (denoted by the green filled area labeled 10% in Figure 1). For this distribution, the D10 is 9.0 microns.

#### What is particle size distribution used for?

A Particle Size Distribution Analysis (PSD) determines and reports information about the size and range of particles representative of a given material. This analysis can be performed using a variety of techniques; the most suitable will be determined based on the sample properties and question at hand.

**What does D50 mean?**

D50 is the corresponding particle size when the cumulative percentage reaches 50%. D50 is also called as the median particle diameter or median particle size. For example, for a powder sample with D50 = 5μm, it means 50% of particles are larger than 5μm and 50% particles are smaller than 5μm.

**What is a D50 in particle size?**

Particle Size Distribution D50 is also known as the median diameter or the medium value of the particle size distribution, it is the value of the particle diameter at 50% in the cumulative distribution. It is one of an important parameter characterizing particle size.

## How do you determine D50 particle size?

Particle Size Distribution D50 is one of an important parameter characterizing particle size. For example, if D50=5.8 um, then 50% of the particles in the sample are larger than 5.8 um, and 50% smaller than 5.8 um. D50 is usually used to represent the particle size of group of particles.

**What is D90 value?**

Also known as the median diameter. D90: The portion of particles with diameters below this value is 90%.

**What does D99 mean?**

D50, D90, and D99 are thus defined as the points along the distribution curve that fall below 50%, 90%, and 99% respectively. These 4 points have a practical use. D10 is a measure of fines, D50 and D90 reveal the average and width of the distribution and D99 is sensitive to the presence of oversized particles.

### What size sieves are used for sieve selection?

The material retained on 4.75 mm size is further sieved through the following set of sieves: 100 mm, 75 mm, 19 mm, 10 mm, and 4.75 mm sieves. The material passing 4.75 mm sieve is sieved through the following set of sieves: 2 mm, 1 mm, 600 microns, 425 microns, 300 microns, 212 microns, 150 microns, and 75-microns sizes.

**How do you determine particle size distribution using sieves?**

Determinations of particle size distributions using sieves usually involve placing a sample on the wire mesh of the top sieve of a nest of sieves, shaking for a predetermined period of time, and weighing the portion of the sample retained on each sieve.

**How are sieves used to separate particulate matter?**

The use of sieves to separate particulate material into fractions of various sizes has occurred throughout the period of recorded history. Sieving is one of the simplest methods of determining particle size distributions, and is probably used in industrial laboratories more than any other method.

#### Can the material retained on the 75-microns sieve be dried?

The soil fraction retained on each sieve should be carefully collected in containers, and the mass of each fraction determined and recorded. Alternatively, the material retained on 75-microns sieve (step 4), may not be dried;