What is Palatine rugae?

What is Palatine rugae?

The palatine rugae are ridges situated in the anterior part of the palatal mucosa on each side of the medial palatal raphae and behind the incisive papilla (IP). Palatine rugae can be used as internal dental-cast reference points for quantification of tooth migration in cases of orthodontic treatment.

What is denture rugae?

The Impact of Rugae Reproduction on Complete Dentures Patients’ Satisfaction. Brief Summary: The palatal rugae, refer to asymmetrical and irregular elevations of the mucosa located in the anterior third of the palate, on each side of the median palatal raphe and behind the incisive papilla.

What are palatal rugae patterns?

Background: Palatal rugae are asymmetric and irregular ridges on the anterior palatal region, which have proven to be useful in the field of forensic dentistry. The rugae patterns were classified based on the total number of rugae, shape, predominant direction of rugae, and unification of rugae.

What is palatal torus?

Palatal tori are benign bone tumors of the maxilla that elevate the midline of the palate on the cruciform suture, which connects the palatal and maxillary bones. They are neither neoplastic nor pathological and have a slow and progressive growth.

What are the Palatine glands?

The palatine glands form a continuous layer on the posterior surface of the mucous membrane of the soft palate and around the uvula. They are pure mucous glands.

Where is the Rugae?

The rugae are folds in the stomach lining.

What is an incisive papilla?

The incisive papilla otherwise known as palatine papilla is a small pear or oval shaped mucosal prominence situated at the midline of the palate, posterior to the palatal surface of the central incisors.

What is a Cheiloscopy?

Cheiloscopy is a forensic investigation technique that deals with identification of humans based on lips traces. The aim of this study is to establish the uniqueness of lip prints which aids in personal identification.

Where is the rugae?

What causes palatal petechiae?

Palatal petechiae may be seen in assocation with diseases such as infectious mononucleosis, measles, scarlet fever, leukemia, thrombocytopenia, and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Palatal petechiae may also represent rupture of capillaries caused by repeated coughing, sneezing, or vomiting.

What causes palatal Tori?

Discussion: The etiology of palatal torus is usually multifactorial: genetic factors, masticatory forces, and para-functions could all be factors in their development and growth. Considered as anatomical variations, palatal tori are asymptomatic in most cases and require no intervention.

What is the Palatine raphe?

FMA. 75111. Anatomical terminology. The palatine raphe (or median raphe or median palatine raphe) is a raphe running across the palate, from the palatine uvula to the incisive papilla.

What are Palatine rugae and what are they used for?

The final and the most significant usage of palatine rugae is seen in forensic odontology. In cases of traumatic incidents like traffic accidents, burns, etc, palatine rugae has been used as an identification mark. Even though fingerprints and DNA analysis exist, they have their own shortcomings.

What is the palatal Rugea?

Palatal rugea, also called plicae palatinae transversae and rugae palatina, refer to thridges on the anterior part of the palatal mucosa, each side of the median palatal raphe and behind the incisive papilla.

What is the anatomy of the rugae?

In human embryos, rugae are relatively prominent and occupy most of the length of the palatal shelves at the time of their elevation [6].At the 550 mm stage of embryonic development, there are five to seven rather symmetrically disposed ridges, with the anterior ones beginning at the raph´e, the others more laterally.

Does rugae count decrease after a split in the palate?

When the split is seen in the palate, it is often observed that the rugae follows the notch or the depression. Before and after counts of the rugae after resolution of the defect has shown that the rugae count decreases.