What is a cordon in viticulture?

What is a cordon in viticulture?

Cordon. The cordon, or “arms”, of the grapevine extend from the trunk and are the part where additional arms and eventually leaves and grape clusters extend. The cordons are usually trained along wires as part of a trellis system.

What is cordon pruning?

Cordon pruning leaves a permanent horizontal extension of the trunk in place year after year. Cordons can be decades old and achieve diameters of several inches or more. The cordons themselves do not usually produce fruitful shoots. The fruitful shoots come from spur positions located along the cordon.

What is a row of grape vines called?

A vineyard (/ˈvɪn. jərd/ VIN-yərd; also UK: /ˈvɪn. jɑːrd/ VIN-yard) is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice. The science, practice and study of vineyard production is known as viticulture.

What is canopy vigor?

Information about canopy vigor and growth are critical to assess the potential impacts of biotic or abiotic stresses on plant development. By applying differential fc thresholding, four categories of the CG were determined automatically: (i) missing plants; (ii) low vigor; (iii) moderate vigor; and (iv) vigorous.

What is grapevine training?

Grapevines require training during the first few years after planting to guide growth and optimize production. Bare grapevines require pruning and maintenance from January through March to remove dead wood and prepare for optimal growth in the following year. …

Do canes turn into cordons?

With cane pruning, there are no fixed cordons. Each year, two or more canes are selected, while the rest are pruned away. These remaining canes contain numerous buds. These buds push the new canes and fruit for the season, and then the process is repeated the following year.

What are grapevine canes?

Canes are the one- or two-year-old branches of the grape plant. They grow as shoots off the main trunk. Vine growers train them to grow horizontally along wire trellises. It is from buds on these canes that the leaves and fruit of the grapevine grow.

What is a trellis system?

A trellis system can be as simple as a single wire in a high cordon system to as complex as a number of catch wires at various heights as in the case of a Lyre trellis. The types of trellis systems used worldwide are numerous, and no single system is appropriate for all situations.

What is a vineyard farmer called?

The term for a person who cultivates grapes to make wines is a vigneron. A more common term is a grape-grower or a grape farmer. The practice of grape growing is called viticulture so a person who practices this could also be called a viticulturist. A person who makes wines or sells them is called a vintner.

What is grapevine?

The grapevine is a word for gossip. From there, people started talking about “the grapevine” as a source of information, especially gossip. If you heard from a friend of a friend that another friend is getting married, you heard it on the grapevine.

Why study wine at Le Cordon Bleu Paris?

French vineyards remain a reference throughout the world, making the French capital the ideal location for in-depth wine studies. This program gives students a double diploma in “Wine Management” from the Le Cordon Bleu Paris Institute, opening up to a wide variety of careers in this sector,…

What is the meaning of the word cordon?

Definition of cordon. : to form a protective or restrictive cordon (see cordon entry 1 sense 2) around —usually used with offPolice cordoned off the area around the crime scene. Examples of cordon in a Sentence. Noun A cordon of police kept protesters away from the building.

What is a cordon spur pruning?

Spur pruning (Cordon) is common to see in warmer climate growing regions, including California, Washington, and Spain. There are many different styles of Spur-pruned training methods used for everything from table grapes (high production) to fine wine (low production).

What is the meaning of the word viticulture?

Definition of viticulture. : the cultivation or culture of grapes especially for wine making. Other Words from viticulture Example Sentences Learn More about viticulture.