What diseases can you get from the Citarum river?

What diseases can you get from the Citarum river?

Because people have been depending on this heavily polluted water, many now suffer from various skin diseases, ranging from scabies to infections, not to mention respiratory distress due to inhaling factory smoke. In addition, poor water quality due to waste and pollution also damages the crops of farmers.

What can pollution in rivers cause?

Types of river pollution Consisting of materials such as styrofoam, metal containers and plastic packaging, these are unsightly and persist in the environment. They can clog waterways and also present risks to bird and fish life that may swallow or become entangled in them.

What caused the Citarum river pollution?

Contamination that occurs in the downstream of the Citarum River is caused by domestic waste, industrial waste disposal and, trading center activities, also due to agricultural waste, fisheries and, other activities in the upstream sector that also carried down to the downstream sector.

What are the 5 causes of river pollution?

There are many causes of water pollution, some of them are:

  • 1- Sewage or wastewater: The waste from households, factories, or agricultural land gets discharged into rivers or lakes.
  • 2- Dumping:
  • 3- Oil pollution:
  • 4- Acid rain:
  • 5- Industrial waste:
  • 1- Diseases:
  • 2- Ruination of the ecosystem:
  • 3- Eutrophication:

Is Citarum river clean now?

Water quality across most of the river has been deemed unsafe for human use, with the Asian Development Bank finding levels of faecal bacteria more than 5000 times the mandatory limits, and lead levels far exceeding the US Environmental Protection Agency drinking water standard.

Can you swim in the Citarum River?

2. Citarum River, West Java, Indonesia. While at one point, this river was incredibly safe to swim in, it was thanks to humans that this body of water is now toxic. Local resident use the Citarum River for drinking, bathing and boiling water.

What are 5 effects of water pollution?


  • Destruction of biodiversity. Water pollution depletes aquatic ecosystems and triggers unbridled proliferation of phytoplankton in lakes ā€” eutrophication ā€”.
  • Contamination of the food chain.
  • Lack of potable water.
  • Disease.
  • Infant mortality.

Which of the following are the primary causes of water pollution *?

Discharge of domestic and industrial effluent wastes, leakage from water tanks, marine dumping, radioactive waste and atmospheric deposition are major causes of water pollution. Heavy metals that disposed off and industrial waste can accumulate in lakes and river, proving harmful to humans and animals.

What is the cleanest river in the world?

Umngot river
The Ministry of Jal Shakti Declares This River as The Cleanest River in The World. Recently, the Jal Shakti Ministry declared the Umngot river in Meghalaya as the cleanest in the country. The ministry took to Twitter share a stunning image of the crystal-clear river.

What is the mouth of the Citarum River?

Java Sea
Citarum River/Mouths

How toxic is the Citarum river?

The river is heavily polluted by human activity; about five million people live in its basin. Textile factories in Bandung and Cimahi were major toxic waste contributors. More than 2,000 industries contaminate 5,020 sq miles of the river with lead, mercury, arsenic, and other toxins.

What is the most polluted river in the world?

The Most Polluted River in the World, Citarum River, Indonesia. Citarum River, Indonesia. The Citarum has been called the world’s most polluted river. Around 5 million people live in the river’s basin, and most of them rely on its flow for their water supply.

What are reasons for river pollution?

Polluting the rivers. Over 97% of all the water on Earth is salty and most of the remaining 3% is frozen in the polar ice-caps.

  • Investigating river pollution.
  • Sampling technique.
  • Signs of pollution.
  • a) Fertilizers.
  • b) Industrial Waste.
  • d) Warm Wate.
  • What causes water pollution in our rivers?

    Important Causes Of Water Pollution Human dumping. Due to human dumping of waste and other harmful substances into river water directly. Industrial waste release. Most industries release their processing waste into the rivers. Land Contamination. Due to air pollution. Farm pollution. Improper Drainage system. Groundwater contamination. Plastic waste. Due to fisheries.

    Does damming of rivers cause water pollution?

    Hardening of banks along waterways has increased the movement of NPS pollutants from the upper reaches of watersheds into coastal waters. Dams can adversely impact the hydraulic regime, the quality of the surface waters, and habitat in the stream or river where they are located.