What did spartiates do?

What did spartiates do?

The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens. The Perioeci, whose name means “dwellers-around,” worked as craftsmen and traders, and built weapons for the Spartans.

What did the helots do?

Helots, whose name meant “captives” were assigned to citizens to carry out domestic work or to work on their klēroi, or portions. The klēroi, were the original divisions of Messenia after its conquest by Sparta. Various sources mention such servants accompanying this or that Spartan.

Who owned the helots?

helot, a state-owned serf of the ancient Spartans. The ethnic origin of helots is uncertain, but they were probably the original inhabitants of Laconia (the area around the Spartan capital) who were reduced to servility after the conquest of their land by the numerically fewer Dorians.

Who could join the Krypteia?

The krypteia was an ancient Spartan institution in which the ablest and most intelligent young men were extracted from their training unit within the agoge (the brutal military school which Spartan males would enter at the age of 7 and leave once they had achieved citizenship around the age of 21) and sent to survive …

What did the Perioikoi make?

The perioikoi made such necessary items as shoes, red cloaks for the soldiers, iron tools like knives and spears, and pottery. They also conducted some trade with other city- states for goods that Sparta could not provide for itself. In general, though, Sparta discouraged trade.

Who freed the helots?

In 371, the Theban commander Epaminondas defeated the Spartans at Leuctra, and later, he invaded the Peloponnese, where he liberated the helots of Messenia. The helots of Laconia appear to have been emancipated later by the reformer kings Cleomenes III (235-222) and Nabis (207-192).

What was the ratio of helots to citizens?

We might never find out, but what is amazing about helots is that there were seven of them per a single Spartan. You heard it right, seven slaves per a single free citizen.

What is wrong with the ephors?

The Ephors are repulsive because they are scarred, apparently with leprosy. The enemy Persians employ handicapped and deformed soldiers.

Who created the ephors?

Title: Ephor
Original Title: Ephore
Volume and Page: Vol. 5 (1755), pp. 774–775
Author: Louis, chevalier de Jaucourt (biography)
Translator: Haydn Mason [University of Bristol]

What was the purpose of Krypteia?

…the Spartan secret police, the Krypteia, to patrol the Laconian countryside and put to death any supposedly dangerous helots. Sparta’s conservative foreign policy is often attributed to the fear of revolts by the helots.