What are the five mode of transmission?

What are the five mode of transmission?

The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.

What are the main ways infectious agents are transmitted?

Germs can spread from person to person through:

  • the air as droplets or aerosol particles.
  • faecal-oral spread.
  • blood or other body fluids.
  • skin or mucous membrane contact.
  • sexual contact.

What are the 4 types of infectious agents?

agents cause a wide variety of diseases affecting various parts of the body. The five main types of infectious agents are bacteria, protozoa, viruses, parasitic worms, and fungi.

What are the 8 modes of transmission?

Modes of transmission

  • Direct. Direct contact. Droplet spread.
  • Indirect. Airborne. Vehicleborne. Vectorborne (mechanical or biologic)

What are the 6 modes of transmission?

The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle.

What is the meaning of mode of transmission?

The term modes of transmission refer to how an infectious agent, also called a pathogen, can be transferred from one person, object, or animal, to another. Viruses, bacteria, parasites, or fungi can spread infectious diseases.

What do you mean by mode of transmission?

What are the two main types of infectious agent?

Infectious agents come in many shapes and sizes. Bacteria and protozoans are microscopic one-celled organisms, while viruses are even smaller. Fungi grow like plants, and helminths resemble worms.

What are the common methods of transmission of diseases Class 9?

Disease Transmission

  • Person to Person. When an infected person comes in contact with or exchanges body fluids with a non-infected person.
  • Droplet Transmission.
  • Spread by skin.
  • Spread through body fluids or blood.
  • Airborne Transmission.
  • Contaminated Objects.
  • Vector-Borne Diseases.
  • 4.Food and Drinking Water.

What are the different modes of transmission indirect?

Indirect contact

  • Airborne transmission. Some infectious agents can travel long distances and remain suspended in the air for an extended period of time.
  • Contaminated objects.
  • Food and drinking water.
  • Animal-to-person contact.
  • Animal reservoirs.
  • Insect bites (vector-borne disease)
  • Environmental reservoirs.

What is the most common means of transmission of infectious diseases?

Contact transmission is the most common form of transmitting diseases and virus. There are two types of contact transmission: direct and indirect. Direct contact transmission occurs when there is physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person.

What are the two classifications used to organize methods of infectious disease transmission?

Based on the mode of transmission of the infectious agent, communicable diseases can be classified as: Waterborne diseases: transmitted by ingestion of contaminated water. Foodborne diseases: transmitted by the ingestion of contaminated food. Airborne diseases: transmitted through the air.

What are the different modes of disease transmission?

Cholera, typhoid fever and viral hepatitis are outstanding examples of diseases transmitted by vehicle transmission. Fly is the strongest carrier of the infection. If it sits on a food, it spoils it. At one hand it sits on the sputum of a patient and on the other hand it sits on the food.

What are the modes of transmission of pathogens?

Modes of Transmission. Bloodborne pathogens such as HBV and HIV can be transmitted through contact with infected humanblood and other potentially infectious body fluids such as:         . Semen (the viscid, whitish fluid from the male) Vaginal secretions (fluid from the female cervix).

What are the types of transmission disease?

The transmission of pathogens from current to future host follows a repeating cycle. This cycle can be simple, with a direct transmission from current to future host, or complex, where transmission occurs through (multiple) intermediate hosts or vectors. This cycle is called the transmission cycle of disease, or transmission cycle.

What are the chain of infection links?

The specific links in the chain of infection are: reservoir, infectious agent, susceptible host, portal of entry, mode of transmission and portal of exit.3 Each link must be present and in sequential order for an infection to occur.