What are the diseases caused due to malnutrition?

What are the diseases caused due to malnutrition?

Malnutrition refers to getting too little or too much of certain nutrients. It can lead to serious health issues, including stunted growth, eye problems, diabetes and heart disease.

How many types of malnutrition diseases are there?

There are 4 broad sub-forms of undernutrition: wasting, stunting, underweight, and deficiencies in vitamins and minerals. Undernutrition makes children in particular much more vulnerable to disease and death.

How does malnutrition affect disease?

Malnutrition can make a person more susceptible to infection, and infection also contributes to malnutrition, which causes a vicious cycle (figure 3). An inadequate dietary intake leads to weight loss, lowered immunity, mucosal damage, invasion by pathogens, and impaired growth and development in children.

What are the different diseases and conditions caused by nutrition?

nutritional disease, any of the nutrient-related diseases and conditions that cause illness in humans. They may include deficiencies or excesses in the diet, obesity and eating disorders, and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, and diabetes mellitus.

What are the two most common nutritional deficiency diseases?

Nutritional deficiencies can lead to conditions such as anemia, scurvy, rickets.

  • Calcium.
  • Magnesium.
  • Omega-3 fatty acid.
  • Folate.
  • Potassium.
  • Vitamin A.
  • Vitamin E.
  • Copper. Copper deficiency is more common among people with untreated celiac disease than the general population.

What are the examples of deficiency diseases?

Answer – Diseases that occur due to lack of nutrients over a long period are called deficiency diseases. Examples are – Scurvy, Night blindness, Rickets, Beriberi, Goiter, Anaemia.

Why does malnutrition cause infection?

Malnutrition and infection operate in a vicious mutual synergism. Malnutrition predisposes to infection and increases the severity and mortality of infections. Infection reduces nutrient intake, interferes with substrate utilization and promotes tissue breakdown.

What are the different deficiency diseases?

List of Deficiency Diseases

Types of Vitamins Deficiency Diseases
B12 (Cyanocobalamin) Anaemia
C (Ascorbic acid) Scurvy
D (Calciferol) Rickets
K (Phylloquinone) Excessive bleeding due to injury

What are dietary diseases?

What are some of the diseases caused by malnutrition?

OTHER COMMON MALNUTRITION DISEASES Goitre: Caused by a iodine deficiency, Goitre’s symptoms encompass a swelling of the thyroid gland, lethargy, weakness and low metabolic rate along with difficulty in breathing and speaking if the Hypoanatremia: Caused by a sodium deficiency in the blood and diet. Anemia: It is perhaps the most popular out of all common malnutrition diseases.

What kind of diseases can you get from malnutrition?

Malnutrition potentially increases a child’s risk of becoming sick and of dying from diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, measles and malaria, according to the World Health Organization.

What are three causes of malnutrition?

The causes of malnutrition might seem straightforward — too little food or a diet lacking in nutrients. In reality, malnutrition is often caused by a combination of physical, social and psychological issues. For example: Normal age-related changes.