What are initial consonants?

What are initial consonants?

Initial consonant clusters are the complex sounds that are found at the beginning of English words. They are called clusters because each of the sounds in a cluster can be heard. Initial consonant clusters in English are formed by juxtaposing one or more stop consonants with one of three continuants: -l, -r, or s-

What are the examples of the initial consonant blend?

Some examples of initial blends are bl, cl, fl, gl, pl, sl, br, cr, dr, fr, gr, pr, tr, sc, sl, sm, sn, sp, squ, st, sw, and three letter blends such as spr, str, shr. Ending blends include such consonant combinations as ld, lk, nd, nt, and ft.

How many initial consonants are there?

22 initial consonants
There are 22 initial consonants, including stops (made with momentary, complete closure in the vocal tract), affricates (beginning as stops but ending with incomplete closure), aspirated consonants, nasals, fricatives, liquid sounds (l, r), and a glottal stop.

What are examples of initial and final consonant digraph?

Consonant Digraph Examples

Digraph Initial or Final Sound Examples
“ch-“ Initial chair, cheese, child
“-ch” Final lunch, pinch, rich
“-ck” Final luck, sick, tuck
“kn-“ Initial knight, knife, knot

What is final consonant?

Double final consonants are an English phonics spelling rule that teaches us that usually, when a word has one syllable with one short vowel and ends in /s/, /l/, /f/, or /z/, the final consonant will be doubled. These words also end in the following sounds: /f/, /l/, /s/, /z/.

What is initial consonant deletion?

Initial Consonant deletion: occurs when the initial consonants are dropped ex. “eep” for “beep”, “ig” for “pig”. This is less common and typically requires intervention. Cluster reduction: occurs when a cluster of sounds are reduced ex.

Which is an example of initial cluster of 3 consonants?

Examples of clusters with 3 consonant sounds are /str/ in ‘string’, /sks/ in ‘tasks’ and the /kst/ in ‘sixty’.

What is a 3 letter blend?

Three-Letter Consonant Blend Examples

Blend Shorter Words Longer Words
scr-blends scrap, screw, scrub scratch, scream, scribble
shr-blends shred, shrub, shrug shriek, shrimp, shrivel
spl-blends splat, splay, split splash, splendid, splinter
spr-blends spray, spree, sprig spread, spring, sprinkle