What are 2 microorganisms that cause disease?

What are 2 microorganisms that cause disease?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

What are two diseases caused by viruses?

Viral Infections Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, Ebola, and COVID-19.

Can single celled organisms get sick?

Bacterium: ↑ A bacterium is a microscopic organism made up of a single cell. Their cells are much simpler than a human’s, too. Some bacteria can make you sick, but most do not.

What are 5 diseases caused by bacteria?

Other serious bacterial diseases include cholera, diphtheria, bacterial meningitis, tetanus, Lyme disease, gonorrhea, and syphilis.

What are 5 infectious diseases?

Common Infectious Diseases

  • Chickenpox.
  • Common cold.
  • Diphtheria.
  • E. coli.
  • Giardiasis.
  • Infectious mononucleosis.
  • Influenza (flu)

How are diseases caused?

Infectious diseases commonly spread through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. This can happen when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected.

Is a single cell alive?

Single cell organisms like some algae or bacteria are very much alive. They are a little biochemical machines which is continuously using some type of energy from their environment to maintain their internal conditions which are necessary for their survival and allow their reproduction—so yes very much alive.

What are the common illnesses and infections caused by bacteria viruses fungi and parasites?

Some examples of bacterial infections are:

  • bacterial meningitis.
  • otitis media.
  • pneumonia.
  • tuberculosis.
  • upper respiratory tract infection (although this is usually viral)
  • gastritis.
  • food poisoning.
  • eye infections.

What human diseases are caused by microorganisms?

Microbes and disease

Infectious disease Microbe that causes the disease Type of microbe
Bubonic plague Yersinia pestis Bacterium
TB (Tuberculosis) Mycobacterium tuberculosis Bacterium
Malaria Plasmodium falciparum Protozoan
Ringworm Trichophyton rubrum Fungus

Which of the following diseases is not caused by bacteria?

So, the correct answer is option (d) ‘Malaria’.

What are some examples of single celled organisms?

Single Celled Organisms | A List with Examples including Few Parasites. 1 Protozoa. These are the eukaryotic cells that live mostly in water. It can be freshwater or marine water but very rarely in soil or land. They are 2 Bacteria. 3 Archaea. 4 Single-celled parasite. 5 1. Protozoan single-celled parasite.

What is an example of a disease-causing bacteria?

There are many disease-causing bacteria and have been affecting humans for centuries. These bacteria have the ability to derive energy from multiple sources. Some of them are parasites, some saprophytes, autotrophs and even chemotrophs. Examples include E-coli, staphylococcus bacteria, salmonella typhi, pseudomonas aerogenosa etc.

What makes a single cell organism sustain so well?

In a single cell organism, the cell is so designed to carry out all the life activities with it. However, there are few important modifications which make it sustain so well.

What is the difference between infectious diseases and pathogens?

Ex. Allergies, diabetes, cancer Infectious diseases are caused by a microorganism that is transmitted or spread from one organism to another. A pathogen is any microorganism that causes a disease. Pathogens There are four types of pathogens that infect the human body.