How do you treat Eales?

How do you treat Eales?

Treatment of Eales Disease is symptomatic and supportive. The surgical process of coagulating tissue with a laser beam (laser panretinal photocoagulation) may be used to eliminate the deficiency of blood in the retina caused by constriction of blood vessels and to slow down excessive formation of blood vessel tissue.

What are clinical signs of Eales disease?

Most Eales disease patients present with symptoms of floaters, specks, cobwebs, blurring, or decreased vision associated with vitreous hemorrhage. Other Eales disease patients have blurring associated with retinal vasculitis or uveitis, but without hemorrhage.

Is Eales disease autoimmune?

Eales disease exact causes are not known. There have been some studies that implicate T-cells in the onset of the vasculitis, indicating that there may be an autoimmune factor to this disease.

How is Eales disease diagnosed?

The diagnostic clinical feature of Eales’ disease is the evidence of peripheral venous inflammation, either past or present. Active inflammation is manifested by characteristic perivascular clustering, either mild or massive, or isolated or multiple.

Why does neovascularization occur?

Corneal neovascularization is a condition where new blood vessels invade into the cornea from the limbus. It is triggered when the balance between angiogenic and antiangiogenic factors are disrupted that otherwise maintain corneal transparency.

What causes Cnvm?

CNVM occurs when new blood vessels start to grow in the choroid and break through the barrier between the choroid and the retina. When CNVM leak in the retina, they cause vision loss. CNVM are associated with many serious eye diseases, most commonly wet age-related macular degeneration.

What do cotton-wool spots indicate?

Cotton-wool spots (CWSs) are common retinal manifestations of many diseases including diabetes mellitus, systemic hypertension, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clinically they appear as whitish, fluffy patches on the retina and eventually fade with time.

Who discovered Eales disease?

Eales’ disease, first described by the British ophthalmologist Henry Eales in 1880, is characterized by three overlapping stages of venous inflammation (vasculitis), occlusion, and retinal neovascularization.

Is Cnvm curable?

How do you treat CNVM? Of the two main forms of macular degeneration, wet and dry, wet macular degeneration is the only form with known, proven treatments. Those treatments include: Laser photocoagulation, Photodynamic Therapy, Macugen, Lucentis and Avastin injections.

What is Eales Disease?

General Discussion. Eales Disease is a rare disorder of sight that appears as an inflammation and white haze around the outercoat of the veins in the retina. The disorder is most prevalent among young males and normally affects both eyes.

What does central Eales Disease look like on angiography?

Central Eales’ disease: fundus and fluorescein angiography. The colour fundus photograph of left eye shows massive areas of retinal haemorrhages and periphlebitis in the posterior pole (left) and fluorescein angiography of the right eye shows gross staining of vessels and cystoid macular oedema (right).

What is the prevalence of Eales Disease in India?

Eales’ disease mainly affects young males in their second decade of life. It is more prevalent in India and Middle Eastern countries with cases observed worldwide.4 In a study by Biwas et al., a male-to-female ratio of 20:1 was observed with a mean age at presentation of 29.9 years, with a range from 11– 59 years.

Which lab tests are performed in the workup of Eales Disease?

Laboratory tests are neither sensitive nor specific for Eales’ disease, but may be helpful in detecting systemic causes of retinal vasculitis or peripheral retinal non-perfusion. Laboratory work-up should be focused on a differential diagnosis derived from a detailed history, review of systems, and ocular and physical examination.